Equity REITs and Rising Rates

A real estate investment trust (REIT) is a company that uses the combined capital of a large number of investors to buy and manage residential, commercial, and industrial income properties. Like other equities, publicly traded REIT shares can generally be bought or sold in a moment on an exchange, making them more liquid than physical real estate investments. Owning REIT shares can also be much more convenient, because investors do not have to manage property rentals and maintenance.

Equity REITs are effective income-generating assets, but share prices can be sensitive to interest rates, partly because companies often depend on debt to acquire rent-producing properties, and higher rates can affect real estate values. As rates rise, REIT dividends may also appear less appealing to investors relative to the safety of bonds offering similar yields.

Rate-Related Volatility

Real estate was the worst-performing segment of the S&P 500 during the first two months of 2018, when rate fears caused prices to drop about 9.6%.1 Spurts of short-term volatility may continue as interest rates climb, but a look at historical data suggests that REITs are not destined to underperform. S&P data shows that U.S. REITs earned positive total returns during four out of six rising rate cycles since the early 1970s, while outperforming the S&P 500 in three of those periods.2

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Steady Income

For buy-and-hold investors, REIT shares may generate a reliable income stream regardless of share price fluctuations, primarily because REITs are required to pay out at least 90% of their profits as dividends. At the end of February 2018, equity REITs yielded 4.77%, on average.3

Solid economic growth and low unemployment (which tend to spur higher wages and inflation) are typically viewed as strong fundamentals for the real estate market. If these trends continue, well-positioned REITs may be able to raise rents and increase dividend payouts despite rising rates.

Tax Effects

After the new tax law was enacted at the end of 2017, some investors may have shifted out of REITs because they don’t be